Clinical Science

College of Health, Human Services, and Nursing

Division of Health Sciences

Bachelor of Science

Cytotechnology Option

Medical Technology Option

Certificates

Clinical Science-Cytotechnology

Clinical Science-Medical Technology

Faculty

Cheryl Jackson-Harris, Program Coordinator

Paula D'Amore

Program Office: WH A-330, (310) 243-3748

Program Description

Undergraduate

The rapid expansion of basic medical information, methodology and technology in recent years has increased the demand for highly trained professional personnel in the clinical, research, and teaching laboratories. The training of such specialists as medical technologists (medical/clinical laboratory scientists), and cytotechnologists is all within the broad scope of the field of clinical science.

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Clinical Science is designed to provide baccalaureate level preparation in the clinical science professions. A strong preclinical curriculum is combined within the science and liberal arts focus of the University. All eligible BS grads will need to apply to the Post Baccalaureate Certificate for the clinical internship program in either Medical Technology or Cytotechnology.

Post-Baccalaureate Certificates

The Post Baccalaureate Certificate Program options in Cytotechnology and Medical Technology (Medical/Clinical Laboratory Scientists) provide an academic and clinical route to professional certification and California state licensure. Graduates of the program, upon passage of the appropriate certification examination(s), are considered to be health professionals armed with the technical skills and knowledge theory necessary to meet current and future standards of quality laboratory and health care services practice. The clinical or internship components of both options are offered under the supervision of university faculty, in affiliation with approved, accredited diagnostic health care facilities. Students admitted to the certificate program and who are planning to apply to a clinical option internship must meet the entry and prerequisite requirements specified in the Supplemental Criteria.

Features and Accreditation

The Medical Technology program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) located at 5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720 Rosemont, IL 60018.
Phone: (773) 714-8880

The Cytotechnology clinical program is accredited through The Greater Los Angeles Consortium by the Program review Committee of the American Society of Cytopathology, sponsored by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied health Programs (CAAHEP) located at 35 E. Wacker Dr., Suite 1970 Chicago, IL 60601-2208.

Graduates of each program are eligible for the certification examination of the American Society of Clinical Pathology (ASCP) Board of Certification (BOC) and for licensure by the California State Department of Health.

Academic Advisement

Careful and comprehensive advising is a key to student success in the University and entails student, faculty and University support services. Clinical Science majors are required to consult with an advisor upon admission and each semester before registration. Students must provide the program with copies of transcripts from all institutions attended. Each student should review the University Catalog and become familiar with the academic program and relevant policies and procedures before his/her first advising session. Students in their clinical year meet regularly with an assigned university education coordinator or liaison. Students in the clinical year meet periodically with the Committee for Clinical Laboratory Experience (CCLE) to monitor progress.

Preparation

High school students are encouraged to take chemistry, biology and physics in addition to English, a foreign language, fine arts and computer science courses.

College transfer students should contact their counseling office, the CSU Dominguez Hills' Clinical Science Office and College of Professional Studies Student Services Center to identify appropriate lower division major/minor preparatory courses. Courses in general and quantitative chemistry, anatomy and physiology, physics, general biology and statistics are recommended.

Students with foreign degrees must have their transcripts evaluated by an approved external foreign transcript evaluation service. That evaluation must document an acceptable baccalaureate degree before consideration for clinical placement may be made. The California State Department of Public Health Laboratory Field Services will accept the evaluation from AACRAO exclusively.

Graduation With Honors

An undergraduate student may be a candidate for graduation with Honors in Clinical Science provided he or she meets the following criteria:

  1. A minimum of 36 units in residence at CSU Dominguez Hills;
  2. A minimum grade point average of 3.5 in courses used to satisfy the upper division requirement in the major; and
  3. Recommendation by the Clinical Science faculty.

Students who achieve Honors in Clinical Science will have the information recorded on their transcripts and diplomas.

Practicing Professionals in the Clinical Options

Cytotechnologists are skilled in examining human cellular material in search of abnormalities that are the warning signs of cancer. They perform a variety of diagnostic and research procedures in the cytology laboratory including basic cytologic examinations, staining and processing tissue specimens which have been removed by non-invasive techniques, surgery or fine needle aspiration. Advanced techniques include the use of the digital and immunofluorescent microscopy, cytogenetics and molecular markers. The cytotechnologist is capable of developing a differential diagnosis based upon cellular evidence in conjunction with pertinent cognitive knowledge and other clinical data.

The Medical Technologists is also known as a Clinical Laboratory Scientist (CLS) and/or Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS), depending on the certification obtained. Medical Technologists perform or supervise the performance of clinical laboratory testing in the general and specialized areas of clinical biochemistry, hematology, medical microbiology, immunohematology, immunology, serology and clinical microscopy. Data collected is correlated to pathophysiology and used by health professionals in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. Medical Technologists review and conduct research activities.

Student Organizations

All Clinical Science Majors and other interested students are encouraged to join and become active in the Science Society. Activities include visits to clinical affiliates and the Forensic Laboratory; and sponsoring guest speakers of noted expertise. The club also sponsors social events. For application and other information, contact the club president or advisor by calling the program.

Supplemental Admission Criteria and Policies for Clinical Internships

All applicants must apply to the University through CSU Mentor and be admitted to the Post Baccalaureate Certificate in Clinical Science. Refer to the Graduate/Postbaccalaureate Admission Requirements in the University Catalog for detail. Admission to the University does not constitute automatic admission to the clinical internship. The clinical application is available in the Department. In addition, all Clinical Science applicants for which English is a second language, regardless of subsequent instruction in English must comply with the University's policy on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).

 

Application Dates

Clinical Application

Clinical Component

Dates Beginning

Cytotechnology

March 1-31

Summer Class

Medical Technology

October 1-31

Summer Class

 

For all clinical training internships, i.e. Cytotechnology and Medical Technology, Supplemental Admission Criteria apply.

Because clinical facilities in each of the options have a limited number of positions, a limited number of students are admitted to a given option. In addition, clinical positions may not be available to International student visa holders or students not proficient in English. For any clinical class there may be more qualified applicants than can be accommodated, thereby designating the program as "impacted."

Applicants for clinical placement must have been fully admitted to the University and must have been in residence for two semesters prior to the beginning of the clinical component. Successful degree applicants must have completed all graduation requirements with the exception of clinical requirement.

From among the applicants for a Clinical Option, the Committee for Clinical Laboratory Experience (CCLE) will determine those applicants who are accepted to the clinical internship on the basis of the following Supplemental Admission Criteria:

1. Academic success as reflected by:

a) Grade point average in required "pre-clinical course work" (minimum 3.00 on a 4.00 scale).

b) desirable "pattern" of academic performance (i.e., consistency and/or improvement);

c) completion of the General Education Requirements.

2. Evaluation by the Committee for Clinical Laboratory Experience of the student's potential to succeed in the program and the profession (appearance, attitude, interest, enthusiasm, poise, motivation, expectations, career planning, maturity, social understanding and involvement, flexibility, and stability).

3. Physical, professional and emotional fitness for the demands of the job as verified by a physician and three letters of recommendation. At least one of these letters should validate relevant work experience and/or knowledge of the field. Accordingly, it is recommended that one be from an employer and the others from faculty teaching for the pre-clinical course work at CSU Dominguez Hills or other colleges and universities. Recommendations should address recent activities.

4. Completion of two semesters in residence prior to beginning the clinical training.

5. Clarity of expression (oral and written) and relevant extracurricular activity (e.g. active member or officer of a social club, Science Society, etc.) as revealed by an extemporaneous essay and in the application form.

6. Have no felony convictions.

7. Other factors that will be considered, but which will not guarantee selection are: prior qualified application, efforts to seek psycho-social balance in the program, and veteran status.

Applicants to the clinical who have repeated three or more designated pre-clinical classes may have their ranking reduced in the selection process. Repeating a single course more than once is discouraged.

The CCLE is composed of university faculty and adjunct faculty from each clinical facility. One or more oral interviews will be required on campus and/or at the clinical facilities.

The program director will notify the applicant of the admission decision in consultation with the Committee for Clinical Laboratory Experience (CCLE). The program coordinator, in consultation with the officials of the affiliated program, determine to which affiliate the student will be placed. Student preference is considered as one factor in the decision. In order to retain admission status, students must communicate their intention to the program coordinator, in writing, within 15 working days following notification of admission. Final placement assumes continued eligibility under supplementary and basic admission criteria. In some cases, the CCLE may require additional course work or performance levels prior to placement consideration. Failure to satisfy such requirements may disqualify the student from entering the clinical component.

Academic Regulations

For pre-clinical courses, a grade of "C-" is the minimum acceptable grade. In the clinical component, a grade of "C" is the minimal acceptable grade. Students in the clinical internship who receive a grade or grades below the acceptable minimum or who show lack of reasonable progress may be requested to appear before the Committee for Clinical Laboratory Experience at the clinical affiliate. The committee also considers disciplinary cases. Continued lack of progress, in the opinion of the committee (and with the approval of the division chair), may result in Administrative or Academic Dismissal from the clinical program.

Transportation

Students are required to furnish their own transportation to and from the clinical facility and in those pre-clinical courses that require field trips.

Uniforms

Uniforms or laboratory coats are required in the clinical and for most pre-clinical courses.

Essential Functions

A combination of psychomotor and sensory abilities is needed by students to successfully achieve professional entry-level competencies in the clinical sciences. These "Essential Functions" fall into the categories of visual, motor, communications, behavior and computational:

Essential Functions: Visual

The CLS student must possess sufficient visual acuity to recognize, perform and analyze findings from clinical procedures, including the necessary skills to:

  • Observe clinical demonstrations.
  • Differentiate color reactions.
  • Characterize physical properties of biologicals and solutions.
  • Distinguish numbers, characters, decimal points, and graphs on an electronic screen.
  • Distinguish numbers, characters, decimal points, and graphs on a hard copy report.
  • Identify stained and unstained structural features of specimens using a binocular bright-field microscope.
  • Match figures, lines, structural and spatial configurations with or apart from each other.
  • Read calibration marks on measuring devices.
  • Observe signs of distress from clients during phlebotomy, injections, or imaging.

Essential Functions: Motor

The CLS students must possess sufficient motor ability to perform clinical diagnostic tests and to manipulate laboratory equipment, including the necessary skills to:

  • Travel to numerous clinical sites for assigned clinical rotations.
  • Position patients for diagnostic procedures.
  • Deliver assistance to clients in distress during phlebotomy, injections or imaging.
  • Control and adjust switches, dials, keypads, and/or touchpads on equipment used for laboratory tests and diagnostic procedure.
  • Manipulate equipment used for phlebotomy, injections or fine needle biopsies.
  • Control and adjust devices used for measuring biologicals, chemicals, or radiation.
  • Move about a clinical facility in a safe manner.

Essential Functions: Communications

  • Read, write and verbalize in English.
  • Read and comprehend technical policy and procedure manuals and test inserts.
  • Follow verbal and written instructions.
  • Instruct clients prior to specimen collection, in preparation for and/or during diagnostic procedures.
  • Take written, computer and practical examination.
  • Investigate and prepare a research paper and/or project.

Essential Functions: Behavior

The CLS student must possess sufficient behavioral skill to:

  • Adapt to changes in schedule and/or assignments.
  • Show flexibility and adjust to instruction from multiple clinical practitioners and Adjunct Faculty.
  • Comply with the health, safety and liability policies listed in the University Catalog.

Essential Function: Computational

The CLS student must possess sufficient computational skills to perform mathematical calculations needed for laboratory data analysis and quality assurance.

Health Insurance

Student health and accident insurance is required during clinical training. It is the responsibility of the student to secure acceptable insurance and present evidence of health insurance before entering the clinical. For additional information, contact the Student Health Center or the affiliate.

Liability Insurance

Clinical affiliates may require students to carry professional liability insurance during the clinical component. In those cases, it is the responsibility of the student to provide evidence of such coverage prior to entering the clinical class. An information packet on insurance requirements is included in the Application Packet for Clinical Placement.

Health Requirements

Immune Status

Students selected internships the clinical options will be required to demonstrate immunity to rubella, rubella and mumps (MMR), must know their immune status to varicella (immunity is not a requirement), must show that they are free from tuberculosis by PPD or chest X-ray, and must know their immune status to hepatitis B and DPT. Additional requirements may be required by specific sites. Students must provide proof of all the above to the Clinical Sciences office before beginning training at any affiliated facility.

Hepatitis B Vaccination

Clinical Science students will be offered, at their own expense, vaccination against Hepatitis B in the CSU Dominguez Hills Student Health Center. Students may refuse the vaccine using the approved waiver form. The record of waiver or vaccination must be on file in the Clinical Sciences department. Students may be vaccinated by their own health care provider or by the Department of Public Health. All students are encouraged to consult with their health care provider for information on possible adverse affects before being vaccinated.

Physical Examination

Successful applicants will be required to obtain a physical examination including a tuberculin skin test. Additional information on these procedures may be obtained by contacting the program office. The physical examination may be done by the student's family physician or, for a nominal fee, at the Student Health Center. An appointment is advised well in advance of the beginning of the clinical class.

Trainee License

For the clinical year in medical technology, students must obtain a California Clinical Laboratory Technologist Trainee's license before entering the clinical year. The Trainee license may be requested on line and official transcripts sent by the registrar's office, directly to:

State of California Department of Health Services
Laboratory Field Services Section

Attn: Personnel Licensing
850 Marina Bay Parkway
Richmond, California 94804

Mission and Goals

The mission of the Clinical Sciences programs is to provide high quality education and professional preparation in cytotechnology and medical technology for a diverse student population, to prepare them for traditional and emerging roles as clinical science professionals. The goals of each of the programs, in addition to preparing entry-level clinical practitioners are to:

  • Produce clinical scientists who can research, develop, evaluate and implement clinical skills and procedures utilizing a high degree of independent judgment and applied cognitive knowledge;
  • Consult, where appropriate, with other members of the health care team; and
  • Instill within graduates a sense of professionalism, dedication, and commitment to healthcare and their profession that will stay with them throughout their careers.

Bachelor of Science in Clinical Science

Total Course Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree

See the "Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree" in the University Catalog for complete details on general degree requirements. A minimum of 40 units, including those required for the major, must be upper division.

Elective Requirements

Completion of elective courses (beyond the requirements listed below) to reach a total of a minimum of 120 units.

General Education Requirements (55-62 units)

See the "General Education" requirements in the University Catalog or the Class Schedule for the most current information on General Education requirements and course offerings.

Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement

See the "Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement" in the University Catalog.

Major Requirements (72-76 units)

The following courses, or their approved transfer equivalents, are required of all candidates for this degree.

Single Field Major - no minor required

Cytotechnology Option (72 units)

A. Lower Division Requirements (39 units)

BIO 120. Principles of Biology I (3)

BIO 121. Principles of Biology I Lab (1)

BIO 122. Principles of Biology II (3)

BIO 123. Principles of Biology II Lab (1)

BIO 124. Principles of Biology III (3)

BIO 125. Principles of Biology III Lab (1)

BIO 250. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology (3)

BIO 220. Molecular Biology (3)

BIO 221. Molecular Biology Lab (1)

CHE 110. General Chemistry I (5)

CHE 112. General Chemistry II (5)

CHE 230. Quantitative Analysis (4)

HSC 201. Health Perspectives (3)

MAT 131. Elementary Statistics and Probability (3)

 

B. Upper Division Requirements (33 units)

BIO 324. Microbiology (3)

BIO 325. Microbiology Lab (1)

CHE 316. Survey Organic Chemistry (3)

CHE 317. Survey Organic Chemistry Laboratory (1)

CLS 301. Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Procedures (2)*

CLS 304. Clinical Urinalysis/Body Fluids (2)*

CLS 306. Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology (4)*

CLS 307. Clinical Hematology with Laboratory (4)*

CLS 308. Pathophysiology for Health Professions (3)*

BIO 320. Cell Biology (3)*

BIO 340. Genetics (3)*

BIO 422. Histology (3)*

BIO 424. Histology Lab (1)*

*Note: These are pre-clinical courses from which grade point averages are calculated to determine clinical placement eligibility. They must have been taken within the last five years in the United States. Exceptions may be granted by the Program Coordinator. 

Medical Technology Option (76 units)

A. Lower Division Requirements (35 units)

BIO 120. Principles of Biology I (3)

BIO 121. Principles of Biology I Lab (1)

BIO 122. Principles of Biology II (3)

BIO 123. Principles of Biology II Lab (1)

BIO 250. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology (3)

BIO 220. Molecular Biology (3)

BIO 221. Molecular Biology Lab (1)

CHE 110. General Chemistry I (5)

CHE 112. General Chemistry II (5)

CHE 230. Quantitative Analysis (4)

HSC 201. Health Perspectives (3)

MAT 131. Elementary Statistics and Probability (3)

 

B. Upper Division Requirements (41 units)

BIO 324. Microbiology (3)

BIO 325. Microbiology Lab (1)

CHE 316. Survey Organic Chemistry (3)

CHE 317. Survey Organic Chemistry Laboratory (1)

CLS 301. Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Procedures (2)*

CLS 304. Clinical Urinalysis/Body Fluids (2)*

CLS 306. Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology (4)*

CLS 307. Clinical Hematology with Laboratory (4)*

CLS 308. Pathophysiology for Health Professions (3)*

CLS 401. Overview: Virology/Mycology (2)*

BIO 425. Medical Bacteriology (2)*

BIO 435. Medical Bacteriology Lab (2)

BIO 458. Human Parasitology (3)*

BIO 459. Human Parasitology (1)

CHE 450. Biochemistry I (4)

CHE 451. Biochemistry Laboratory I (1)

CHE 456. Clinical Chemistry (3)*

 

California state licensure for medical technology requires that three (3) units in physics, including light and electricity, be completed prior to issuing the clinical trainee license. Each medical technology student is required to consult with an advisor regarding this state regulation.

Certificate Program in Clinical Science -
Medical Technology (29 units)

The Certificate in Clinical Science - Medical Technology is awarded upon satisfactory completion of required pre-clinical courses and clinical training as a California Licensed Clinical Laboratory Technologist Trainee in an affiliated clinical facility. Awardees are eligible for state licensure for Clinical Laboratory Technologists and to sit for the National Certifications Examination(s).

Required Courses:

CLS 430. Clinical Microbiology Laboratory (4)

CLS 431. Clinical Chemistry Laboratory (3)

CLS 432. Clinical Hematology/Urinalysis Laboratory (4)

CLS 433. Clinical Immunohematology/Serology Laboratory (3)

CLS 434. Clinical Special Procedures Laboratory (1)

CLS 440. Correlations in Clinical Microbiology (2)

CLS 441. Correlations in Clinical Chemistry (2)

CLS 442. Correlations in Clinical Hematology/Urinalysis (2)

CLS 443. Correlations in Clinical Immunohematology/Serology (2)

HSC 491. Management Skills in the Health Sciences (3)

HSC 492. Research Methods in Health Sciences (3)

Certificate Program in Clinical Science -Cytotechnology (30 units)

The Certificate in Clinical Science – Cytotechnology is awarded upon satisfactory completion of the required pre-clinical courses and clinical training as a Cytotechnologist Trainee in an affiliated clinical facility. Awardees are eligible to sit for the national certification of the ASCP - Board of Certification and for state licensure.

Required Courses:

CLS 450. Microscopy: Female Genital Tract (4)

CLS 451. Microscopy: Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Tract (2)

CLS 452. Microscopy: Genitourinary Tract and Body Cavity Fluids (2)

CLS 453. Microscopy: Fine Needle Aspirations (2)

CLS 454. Microscopy: Systems Overview (4)

CLS 455. Cytologic Preparation (2)

CLS 460. General Cytology, Cytogenetics, Cytology of the Female Genital Tract (3)

CLS 461. Cytology of Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Tract (2)

CLS 462. Cytology of the Genitourinary Tract and Body Cavity Fluids (2)

CLS 463. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (1)

HSC 491. Management Skills in the Health Sciences (3)

HSC 492. Research Methods in Health Sciences (3)

Course Offerings

The credit value for each course in semester units is indicated for each term by a number in parentheses following the title. For course availability, please see the list of tentative course offerings in the current Class Schedule.

Course descriptions for HSC courses can be found in the Health Sciences section of this catalog.

Upper Division

CLS 301 Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Procedures (2).

Prerequisite: BIO 122 required.

Demonstration and practice of specialized techniques used in the clinical setting. Theory of arterial, capillary and venipuncture including complications. Processing body fluids. Review of state/federal laws, biohazards and quality assurance. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 302 Clinical Practice (1).

Prerequisites: BIO 122; CLS 301 or concurrent enrollment required.

Practice in clinical laboratory techniques: phlebotomy; serum, plasma and whole blood preparation for testing; Minimum 90 hours training at a clinical affiliate under University Faculty supervision. Written report(s).

CLS 304          Introduction to Urinalysis and Body Fluids (2).

Prerequisites: BIO 122 or equivalent transfer course.

An introduction to the analysis of urine and body fluids used in the clinical setting. Discussion of the theory and diagnostic applications relative to the analysis of urine and body fluids. Demonstration of lab techniques with limited lab practice.

CLS 306 Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology (4).

Prerequisites: BIO 250; CLS 301 or concurrent enrollment required.

Theory and practice of serologic techniques; nature of antigens, antibodies and the immune response. Genetics of red cell antigens. Pre-natal, neonatal, and pre transfusion testing. Cause, investigation and prevention of HDNB. Compatibility testing and investigation of transfusion reactions. Case studies. Written reports. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

CLS 307 Clinical Hematology (4).

Prerequisites: BIO 250; CLS 301 or concurrent enrollment required.

Hematopoiesis. Enumeration and identification of blood cells. Coagulation and hemostasis. Theory and application of hematology procedures. Emphasis on detection of abnormalities. Demonstration of special equipment and techniques. Case studies and written reports. Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

CLS 308          Pathophysiology for Health Professions (3).

Prerequisite: BIO 250 and either BIO 251, CHE 112, or equivalent.

Principles of clinical pathophysiology, including assessment of clinical data necessary for identifying the causes of diseases and evaluating the underlying mechanisms of pathologic processes. Discussion of immune disorders, inflammation, neoplasia and genetic disorders. Review of the individual organ system and associated pathology. Case studies, written/and or oral reports.

CLS 401 Overview: Virology/Mycology (2).

Prerequisites: BIO 324 or concurrent enrollment; CLS 301 is recommended.

Brief introduction to "special pathogens" for students preparing for the clinical virology and mycology rotations in the clinical laboratory.

CLS 430 Clinical Microbiology Laboratory (3,4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Techniques and practice in medical microbiology including parasitology, mycology, and bacteriology at a clinical affiliate. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 431 Clinical Chemistry Laboratory (3,4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Techniques and practice in chemistry at a clinical affiliate. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 432 Clinical Hematology/Urinalysis Laboratory (4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Techniques and practice in hematology and urinalysis at a clinical affiliate. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 433 Clinical Immunohematology/Serology Laboratory (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Techniques and practice in serology, immunology and blood banking at a clinical affiliate. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 434 Clinical Special Procedures Laboratory (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Techniques and practice in special procedures at a clinical affiliate. Oral and/or written reports/projects. Repeatable course.

CLS 440 Correlations in Clinical Microbiology (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Theory and correlations of pathophysiology in medical microbiology including mycology, parasitology and bacteriology.

CLS 441 Correlations in Clinical Chemistry (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Theory and practical aspects correlating clinical chemistry with pathophysiology.

CLS 442 Correlations in Clinical Hematology/Urinalysis (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Theory and practical applications correlating hematology and urinalysis to pathophysiology.

CLS 443 Correlations in Clinical Immunohematology/Serology (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Theory and practical applications correlating serology, immunology and blood banking to pathophysiology.

CLS 450 Microscopy: Female Genital Tract (4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Microscopic examination of cytologic and histologic material of benign and malignant disease processes from the female genital tract, including microbiology, hormonal effects and response to therapy.

CLS 451 Microscopy: Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Tracts (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Microscopic examination of cytologic and histologic material of benign and malignant disease processes from the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts.

CLS 452 Microscopy: Genitourinary System and Body Cavity Fluids (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Microscopic examination of cytologic and histologic material of benign and malignant disease processes of the genitourinary system and body cavity fluids.

CLS 453 Microscopy: Fine Needle Aspirations (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Microscopic examination of cytologic and histologic material of benign and malignant disease processes in aspirated material.

CLS 454 Microscopy: Systems Overview (4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Cytologic examination of gynecologic and non-gynecologic material from all body sites for diagnostic purposes.

CLS 455 Cytologic Preparation (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Current methods of processing and staining material for cytologic study. Techniques utilized in obtaining non-gynecologic material for cytologic evaluation.

CLS 460 General Cytology, Cytogenetics, Cytology of the Female
Genital Tract (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

General cytology, cytogenetics, and electron microscopy. Basic principles of pathology and cytology as they apply to malignancy. Anatomy, histology, pathology and cytopathology of the female genital tract, including microbiology, hormonal effects and response to therapy.

CLS 461 Cytology of the Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Tracts (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Normal and abnormal cytology of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts with emphasis on anatomical and histological pathology.

CLS 462 Cytology of the Genitourinary System and Body Cavity Fluids (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Normal and abnormal cytology of the genitourinary system and body cavity fluids with emphasis on anatomical and histological pathology.

CLS 463 Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year in cytotechnology.

Normal and abnormal aspiration cytology of the major organs with emphasis on anatomical and histological pathologies.

CLS 490 Seminar in Clinical Sciences (1).

Prerequisites: CLS 301 and CLS 306 required; and all lower division Clinical Science Program required.

Presentation and discussion of pertinent topics from clinical science trade journals. Written and oral presentations. One hour of seminar per week.

Graduate

Graduate standing or consent of the program coordinator is prerequisite to enrollment in graduate (500) level courses.

 

CLS 594 Independent Study in Clinical Sciences (1-3).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and advisor.

Independent and original laboratory or field investigation under supervision of a faculty member.

CLS 595 Special Topics in Clinical Sciences (1-3)

Prerequisite: Health Care Practitioner.

Advanced topics of special interest to Clinical Science majors possessing health care credentials. Topic and content will vary as announced.

CLS 596 Internship in Clinical Sciences (1-6).

Prerequisite: Graduate standing; CLS 501 and 502 recommended.

Students will be directed to health care facilities to serve as interns within their chosen specialization. Teaching opportunities may be available in a variety of settings. Regular meetings are scheduled with a faculty internship supervisor to assess student progress. Written report required. Course designed for graduate students in the Clinical Sciences. Repeatable course.

Infrequently Offered Courses

The following courses are scheduled only on a "demand" basis. Students should consult the department office for information about the next scheduled offering.

CLS 303 Radiation Science (3).

Prerequisites: MAT 171 and HSC 201.

Overview of radiation science: history, radiation physics, instrumentation, protection and safety. Applications to clinical procedures utilizing radionuclides. Problem solving.

CLS 305 Radiation Biology and Protection (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Modes of radioactive decay, photon radiation, interaction of radiation with matter, biologic effects of radiation, decontamination techniques, government regulations. Problem solving. Report writing. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 410 Nuclear Medicine Laboratory: Imaging Techniques (5,6).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Use of nuclear medicine equipment in a clinical setting to visualize organs, determine function of organs and organ systems.

CLS 411 Nuclear Medicine Laboratory: Radiopharmacy and Radioassay (4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Preparation of radionuclides for administration in diagnostic testing including radio- chemical purity, quantitative assay and sterility. Radioassay techniques: calibration and use of instruments, specimen collection. Quality assurance.

CLS 412 Nuclear Medicine Laboratory: Instrumentation and In-vivo
Techniques (4).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Performance of procedures utilizing radionuclides for in-vivo studies. Instrument calibration, preventive maintenance. Computer applications.

CLS 413 Nuclear Medicine Laboratory: Special Studies (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Practicum in special studies of interest related to nuclear medicine. Project and written report. Repeatable course.

CLS 420 Correlations in Nuclear Medicine: Imaging Techniques (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Principles of stationary and moving imaging with correlations to pathophysiology in human organs and systems.

CLS 421 Correlations in Nuclear Medicine: Radiopharmacy and
Radioassay (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Theory of radiopharmaceutical applications: radionuclides, dose calibration. Principles of saturation analysis and competitive protein binding, correlations of biochemistry, pathophysiology, radioassay techniques, principles and applications to individual techniques. Quality assurance.

CLS 422 Correlations in Nuclear Medicine: Instrumentation and In-vivo Techniques (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Instrumentation including Geiger-Mueller tubes, rectilinear scanners, scintillation spectrometers and gamma cameras. In-vivo techniques including Schilling test, blood volume, time dependent studies, erythrokinetics, gastrointestinal loss studies.

CLS 423 Correlations in Nuclear Medicine: Special Studies (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the clinical year.

Special studies including ultrasound, radiotherapy and nuclear magnetic resonance. Repeatable course.

CLS 501 Clinical Sciences: Team Concept (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Analysis of the current status and problems in health care delivery including management, staffing and health economics; development of a realistic model. Role of allied health professionals in health care delivery; scientific medicine vs. holistic health; prevention and health education. Coordination of the clinical sciences into an effective health care team. To successfully complete this class, students must demonstrate proficiency to the satisfaction of the instructor in oral and written communication skills in the English language. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 502 Management Concepts in the Clinical Sciences (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Managerial function, organization, and structure. A pragmatic approach to the strategies and tactics available to the professional manager. Special projects in work sampling, workload recording and time management for health care professionals. Oral and/or written reports/projects.

CLS 503 Clinical Diagnosis (3).

By use of case studies, interpretation of clinical data, correlation of history and physical to diagnosis, treatment and follow-up protocols. Student case study investigation. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week.

CLS 504 Data Collection and Processing (3).

Prerequisite: CSC 111 or equivalent.

Collection, storage and retrieval of data, with emphasis on clinical applications. Modern information systems and evaluation of such systems from the clinical science management view point. Oral and/or written reports/projects. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week.

CLS 505 Statistical Analysis and Research (3).

Prerequisite: MAT 131.

Application of statistical analysis in the clinical and health sciences, including normal and binomial distribution, t-tests, chi square tests, analysis of variance, linear regression and correlation. Student project required. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week.

CLS 590 Graduate Seminar (1-2).

Prerequisites: CLS 501, CLS 502 and CLS 503 or consent of instructor.

Seminar methods and use of the literature in the clinical sciences. Faculty and student directed discussions of contemporary clinical science issues. Participants present and interpret recent publications. Written abstracts. Repeatable up to 6 units. One hour of seminar per week.

CLS 599 Graduate Capstone Activity (1-3).

Prerequisites: Graduate Writing Assessment Requirement; advancement to candidacy, and completion of all required core courses.

Department approval of advisor and project. Students will choose either a thesis, project or comprehensive examination in consultation with their advisor.

CLS 600 Graduate Continuation Course (0).

Graduate students who have completed course work but not their thesis, project, or comprehensive examination, or who have other requirements remaining for completion of their degree, may maintain continuous attendance by enrolling in this course. Signature of graduate program coordinator required.