The basic agreement between you and the owner of rental property is a lease. A lease is a binding legal agreement that is enforceable through the legal system. If you move before the end of the lease term and the landlord has performed properly, you may be legally responsible to pay for the remainder of the lease.
Most owners require you to deposit a sum of money when you rent a unit. Deposits generally range in amount from one half to a full month’s rent. This is designed to reimburse the owner for any damage to the unit or failure to pay rent. At the end of the tenancy, the owner must return the deposit plus interest or submit an explanation why the deposit or any part of it has been withheld. You should find out the exact purpose for which the deposit will be used and the circumstances affecting its refund. This should be clearly stated in the written lease in which you sign.
Renter’s insurance is an item you should purchase. Landlord’s property insurance does not cover your personal property. If you cannot afford to replace your belongings if they are damaged, lost, or stolen, then you should look into buying a policy. If you are still on your parent/guardian’s insurance, the least expensive policies can be added to theirs. If these alternatives are not available to you, you can purchase personal property insurance from many insurance agencies.
How much; When it is due; What is the starting date?
How much; How will it be used; How and when is it refunded?
Who pays for damages over and above normal wear and tear- individuals or all occupants?
Is it permitted; What is the procedure?
Should all roommates sign the lease; Are roommates responsible for only a portion of the rent; If someone moves out must the remaining roommates make up the difference?
May the unit be altered, such as painted; Can you hang pictures on the wall (and how)?
Are there laundry facilities available and are there any restrictions?
Are there noise restrictions for musical instruments, stereo, TV, or social events?
When may the landlord enter your unit; How much notice must be given?
Is it available; Is it included in the rent or is it an added charge?
Are pets allowed; Is there an added charge for having a pet?
What utilities are included in the rent; How much is the installation fee for those not included; What are the billing and payment procedures?
Make sure the lease reflects the fact that you’ll have new furniture, parking is guaranteed, etc. Verbal contracts can be impossible to enforce.
It can be difficult and/or expensive to cancel a lease once it is signed.
There are students who have rented a multi-bedroom place have not been able to round up enough housemates to make the payments. Anyone who has signed the lease remains legally liable for the full rent.
Get this from your landlord and keep it in a safe place. The landlord is required by law to give you a copy. You may need it for future reference if any problems occur during the term of the lease.
You should be allowed to inspect the utilities - the appliances, the electrical system, the plumbing, heating and lights - as well as locks and windows. Write down all existing damages. Both you and the landlord should sign and date the list. You may also want to videotape or take photographs to document your descriptions. This list will prevent the landlord from trying to charge you for these damages when you move out. Landlords can refuse to cooperate (these are not “rights” legally enforceable in court), but cooperation is advised. It is in the best interest of both landlord and tenant to have a list, since it protects all parties if there is a disagreement about who is responsible for any repairs.
In some cases, the landlord pays for heat, electricity, and water. Sometimes the tenant is responsible for these bills. If this issue is not addressed in the lease, the tenant and landlord should work out their own understanding. It is good to put this agreement in writing, and have it signed by both parties.